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Front Cell Dev Biol. 2017 May 26;5:57. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2017.00057. eCollection 2017.

Growth Rate as a Direct Regulator of the Start Network to Set Cell Size.

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Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones CientíficasBarcelona, Spain.
Departament de Ciències Bàsiques, Universitat Internacional de CatalunyaBarcelona, Spain.
Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics and Institute of Mathematical and Molecular Biomedicine, King's College LondonLondon, United Kingdom.
Faculty of Information Technology and Bionics, Pázmány Péter Catholic UniversityBudapest, Hungary.


Cells are able to adjust their growth and size to external inputs to comply with specific fates and developmental programs. Molecular pathways controlling growth also have an enormous impact in cell size, and bacteria, yeast, or epithelial cells modify their size as a function of growth rate. This universal feature suggests that growth (mass) and proliferation (cell number) rates are subject to general coordinating mechanisms. However, the underlying molecular connections are still a matter of debate. Here we review the current ideas on growth and cell size control, and focus on the possible mechanisms that could link the biosynthetic machinery to the Start network in budding yeast. In particular, we discuss the role of molecular chaperones in a competition framework to explain cell size control by growth at the individual cell level.


budding yeast; cell cycle; cell size; mathematical model; size control

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