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Top Companion Anim Med. 2014 Jun;29(2):43-8. doi: 10.1053/j.tcam.2013.11.001. Epub 2014 Feb 12.

Introduction to myofascial trigger points in dogs.

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Center for Veterinary Pain Management and Rehabilitation, The Woodlands, TX, USA. Electronic address:


In dogs, muscles make up 44%-57% of total body weight and can serve as source of both pain and dysfunction when myofascial trigger points are present. However, rarely is muscle mentioned as a generator of pain in dogs, and even less mentioned is muscle dysfunction. The veterinary practitioner with interest in pain management, rehabilitation, orthopedics, and sports medicine must be familiar with the characteristics, etiology, and precipitating factors of myofascial trigger points. Additionally, the development of examination and treatment skill is needed to effectively manage myofascial trigger points in dogs.


dry needling; myalgia; myofascial; myofascial trigger points

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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