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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011 Jan;22(1):28-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.01987.x. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Volume gain and stability of peri-implant tissue following bone and soft tissue augmentation: 1-year results from a prospective cohort study.

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Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.



the aim of the present study was to evaluate the dimensional changes of peri-implant tissues obtained by implant placement, bone and soft tissue augmentation, prosthetic reconstruction and 1 year of function using a new, non-invasive method for volumetric measurements.


in 16 patients, the missing central or lateral maxillary incisor was reconstructed with an implant-supported single crown. Impressions were taken before (t1), after implant placement with guided bone regeneration using DBBM and a PTFE membrane (t2), after soft tissue augmentation (t3), immediately after crown placement (t4) and 1 year later (t5). The cast models were optically scanned and digitally superimposed allowing qualitative and quantitative analysis of alterations of the labial peri-implant tissue contour. In addition, the crown length and papilla height were measured at crown placement (t4) and after 1 year (t5).


fifteen patients were available for recall after 1 year. During therapy, a mean gain in distance in the labial direction of 1.27 ± 0.67 mm was observed after the surgical procedures. One year after crown insertion, a mean loss of 0.04 ± 0.31 mm in the labial direction was recorded. During the same period, the crown length increased by a mean of 0.22 ± 0.57 mm and the papilla height by 0.07 ± 0.61 mm. The degree and pattern of tissue change following crown insertion were highly variable between individuals, irrespective of the amount and quality of previously augmented tissues.


the clinical procedures were effective in augmenting peri-implant tissue volume that remained stable to a high degree within 1 year after crown insertion. Large inter-individual variations regarding the tissue alterations were observed.

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