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Magn Reson Med. 2018 Apr;79(4):1882-1892. doi: 10.1002/mrm.26834. Epub 2017 Jul 16.

Variability of 4D flow parameters when subjected to changes in MRI acquisition parameters using a realistic thoracic aortic phantom.

Author information

1
Biomedical Imaging Center, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
2
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
4
Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
5
Institute for Biological and Medical Engineering, Schools of Engineering, Medicine and Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
6
Hospital Virgen del Rocio, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain.
7
Institute of Biomedicine of Seville, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the variability of peak flow, mean velocity, stroke volume, and wall shear stress measurements derived from 3D cine phase contrast (4D flow) sequences under different conditions of spatial and temporal resolutions.

METHODS:

We performed controlled experiments using a thoracic aortic phantom. The phantom was connected to a pulsatile flow pump, which simulated nine physiological conditions. For each condition, 4D flow data were acquired with different spatial and temporal resolutions. The 2D cine phase contrast and 4D flow data with the highest available spatio-temporal resolution were considered as a reference for comparison purposes.

RESULTS:

When comparing 4D flow acquisitions (spatial and temporal resolution of 2.0 × 2.0 × 2.0 mm3 and 40 ms, respectively) with 2D phase-contrast flow acquisitions, the underestimation of peak flow, mean velocity, and stroke volume were 10.5, 10 and 5%, respectively. However, the calculated wall shear stress showed an underestimation larger than 70% for the former acquisition, with respect to 4D flow, with spatial and temporal resolution of 1.0 × 1.0 × 1.0 mm3 and 20 ms, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Peak flow, mean velocity, and stroke volume from 4D flow data are more sensitive to changes of temporal than spatial resolution, as opposed to wall shear stress, which is more sensitive to changes in spatial resolution. Magn Reson Med 79:1882-1892, 2018. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

KEYWORDS:

2D flow; 4D flow; realistic aortic phantom; wall shear stress

PMID:
28714282
DOI:
10.1002/mrm.26834

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