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J Health Psychol. 2016 Feb;21(2):171-82. doi: 10.1177/1359105314524010. Epub 2014 Mar 6.

Validation of French and German versions of a Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire among young Swiss males, and its relationship with substance use.

Author information

1
University of Lausanne, Switzerland Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Switzerland Marc.Dupuis@unil.ch.
2
Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Switzerland.
3
University of Lausanne, Switzerland Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Switzerland.
4
University of Zurich, Switzerland.
5
Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Switzerland Addiction Switzerland, Switzerland Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada University of the West of England, UK.

Abstract

This study main purpose was the validation of both French and German versions of a Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire. The sample group comprised 5065 Swiss men from the "Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors." Multigroup Confirmatory factor analysis showed that a three-factor model fits the data well, which substantiates the generalizability of Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire factor structure, regardless of the language. The Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire demonstrated excellent homogeneity (α = 95) and split-half reliability (r = .96). The Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire was sensitive to community size and participants' financial situation, confirming that it also measures real social conditions. Finally, weak but frequent correlations between Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion Questionnaire and alcohol, cigarette, and cannabis dependence were measured.

KEYWORDS:

Perceived Neighborhood Social Cohesion; Switzerland; alcohol; cannabis; tobacco

PMID:
24607925
DOI:
10.1177/1359105314524010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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