Format

Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

Spine J. 2017 Oct;17(10):1480-1488. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2017.05.011. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Total disc replacement versus multidisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic low back pain and degenerative discs: 8-year follow-up of a randomized controlled multicenter trial.

Author information

1
Innlandet Hospital Gjøvik, Department of Surgery, Innlandet Hospital Gjøvik, Kyrre Grepps gate 11, 2819 Gjøvik, Norway; University of Oslo, Postbox 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway; Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, FORMI, Building 37B, Postbox 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: havardfurunes@gmail.com.
2
University of Oslo, Postbox 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway; Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, FORMI, Building 37B, Postbox 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway.
3
University of Oslo, Postbox 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway; Department for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, Postbox 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olav's University Hospital, Prinsesse Kristinas gate 3, 7030 Trondheim, Norway; Department of Neuromedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Høgskoleringen 1, 7491 Trondheim, Norway.
5
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Outpatient Spine Clinic, Haukeland University Hospital, Postbox 1400, 5021 Bergen, Norway; Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, PO Box 7804, 5007 Bergen, Norway.
6
Orthopaedic Department, Stavanger University Hospital, Gerd Ragna Bloch Thorsens gate, 4011 Stavanger, Norway.
7
Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø-The Arctic University of Norway, Hansine Hansens veg 18, 9019 Tromsø, Norway; The Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery (NORspine), Northern Norway Regional Health Authority, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Sykehusvegen 38, 9019 Tromsø, Norway; Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Sykehusvegen 38, 9019 Tromsø, Norway.
8
University of Oslo, Postbox 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway.
9
University of Oslo, Postbox 1072 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway; Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Postbox 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND CONTEXT:

Lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) is a treatment option for selected patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) that is non-responsive to conservative treatment. The long-term results of disc replacement compared with multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) have not been reported previously.

PURPOSE:

We aimed to assess the long-term relative efficacy of lumbar TDR compared with MDR.

DESIGN:

We undertook a multicenter randomized controlled trial at five university hospitals in Norway.

PATIENT SAMPLE:

The sample consisted of 173 patients aged 25-55 years with chronic LBP and localized degenerative changes in the lumbar intervertebral discs.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary outcome was self-reported physical function (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]) at 8-year follow-up in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary outcomes included self-reported LBP (visual analogue scale [VAS]), quality of life (EuroQol [EQ-5D]), emotional distress (Hopkins Symptom Checklist [HSCL-25]), occupational status, patient satisfaction, drug use, complications, and additional back surgery.

METHODS:

Patients were randomly assigned to lumbar TDR or MDR. Self-reported outcome measures were collected 8 years after treatment. The study was powered to detect a difference of 10 ODI points between the groups. The study has not been funded by the industry.

RESULTS:

A total of 605 patients were screened for eligibility, of whom 173 were randomly assigned treatment. Seventy-seven patients (90%) randomized to surgery and 74 patients (85%) randomized to rehabilitation responded at 8-year follow-up. Mean improvement in the ODI was 20.0 points (95% confidence interval [CI] 16.4-23.6, p≤.0001) in the surgery group and 14.4 points (95% CI 10.7-18.1, p≤.0001) in the rehabilitation group. Mean difference between the groups at 8-year follow-up was 6.1 points (95% CI 1.2-11.0, p=.02). Mean difference in favor of surgery on secondary outcomes were 9.9 points on VAS (95% CI 0.6-19.2, p=.04) and 0.16 points on HSCL-25 (95% CI 0.01-0.32, p=.04). There were 18 patients (24%) in the surgery group and 4 patients (6%) in the rehabilitation group who reported full recovery (p=.002). There were no significant differences between the groups in EQ-5D, occupational status, satisfaction with care, or drug use. In the per protocol analysis, the mean difference between groups was 8.1 ODI points (95% CI 2.3-13.9, p=.01) in favor of surgery. Forty-three of 61 patients (70%) in the surgery group and 26 of 52 patients (50%) in the rehabilitation group had a clinically important improvement (15 ODI points or more) from baseline (p=.03). The proportion of patients with a clinically important deterioration (six ODI points or more) was not significantly different between the groups. Twenty-one patients (24%) randomized to rehabilitation had crossed over and had undergone back surgery since inclusion, whereas 12 patients (14%) randomized to surgery had undergone additional back surgery. One serious adverse event after disc replacement is registered (<1%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Substantial long-term improvement can be expected after both disc replacement and MDR. The difference between groups is statistically significant in favor of surgery, but smaller than the prespecified clinically important difference of 10 ODI points that the study was designed to detect. Future research should aim to improve selection criteria for disc replacement and MDR.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic low back pain; Degenerative disc disease; Long-term follow-up; Lumbar total disc replacement; Multidisciplinary cognitive behavioral and exercise rehabilitation; Randomized trial; Self-rated disability

PMID:
28583869
DOI:
10.1016/j.spinee.2017.05.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center