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J Viral Hepat. 2018 May;25(5):535-542. doi: 10.1111/jvh.12850. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

The presence of multiple NS5A RASs is associated with the outcome of sofosbuvir and ledipasvir therapy in NS5A inhibitor-naïve patients with chronic HCV genotype 1b infection in a real-world cohort.

Author information

1
Department of Hepatology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

It is unclear whether multiple nonstructural (NS) 5A resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) correlate with the outcome of sofosbuvir (SOF) and ledipasvir (LDV) therapy. We investigated the effects of multiple NS5A RASs in NS5A inhibitor-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1b infection treated with SOF/LDV. In 313 patients treated with SOF/LDV, we assessed the effects of multiple NS5A RASs on the sustained virological response (SVR). RASs at L28, R30, L31, Q54, P58, Q62, A92, and Y93 in the NS5A region were examined by direct sequencing. The prevalence of RASs was as follows: 2.6% at L28, 8.7% at R30, 6.1% at L31, 48.7% at Q54, 9.9% at P58, 9.9% at Q62, 5.1% at A92, 13.8% at Y93, and 19.2% at L31 or Y93. A total of 133 patients had no RASs. SVR was achieved in 98.7% of the patients. SVR rates significantly differed between patients with and without the L31 or Y93 RAS (93.0% [53/57] vs 100% [250/250], P = .0011). In addition, among patients with the L31 or Y93 RAS, 29.8%, 45.6% and 24.6% had one, two and three or more NS5A RASs, respectively. The SVR rate was significantly lower in patients with the L31 or Y93 RAS with more than three NS5A RASs compared to those with fewer than three NS5A RASs (71.4% [10/14] vs 100% [43/43], P = .0025). Although the prevalence of multiple NS5A RASs at baseline was low in NS5A inhibitor-naïve patients, the presence of multiple NS5A RASs was associated with the effectiveness of SOF/LDV therapy.

KEYWORDS:

direct-acting antiviral; hepatitis C virus; nonstructural 5A; resistance-associated substitutions; sustained virological response

PMID:
29274188
DOI:
10.1111/jvh.12850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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