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Biol Psychol. 1998 Mar;47(3):265-78.

The effect of autonomic nervous system activity on gastric myoelectrical activity: does the spectral reserve hypothesis hold for the stomach?

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1
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies have associated changes in gastric myoelectrical activity during motion sickness, as indexed using the electrogastrogram (EGG), with changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. Subjects who did not report nausea in a rotating optokinetic drum were characterized by normal 3 cycles per minute (cpm) gastric myoelectrical activity, strong parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity, and low sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. The goals of this study were: (1) to determine whether tasks previously shown to alter ANS activity as indexed by changes in cardiac inter-beat intervals (IBIs) would result in systematic changes in gastric myoelectrical activity in accord with the findings from motion sickness studies; and (2) to determine whether the 'spectral reserve hypothesis' applies to gastric myoelectrical activity. EGGs and IBIs were collected from 24 healthy subjects during resting/baseline, reaction time/shock-avoidance (RT) and cold face stress (CF) tasks. Tachyarrhythmia was found to be significantly greater during the RT task than during the baseline and CF tasks. It was concluded that: (1) tasks that alter ANS activity do systematically alter gastric myoelectrical activity; and (2) gastric myoelectrical activity does not follow the cardiac model of health being associated with increased spectral complexity.

PMID:
9564453
DOI:
10.1016/s0301-0511(97)00030-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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