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Cell. 1999 Aug 6;98(3):365-76.

The sleep disorder canine narcolepsy is caused by a mutation in the hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2 gene.

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1
Center for Narcolepsy, Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5485, USA.

Abstract

Narcolepsy is a disabling sleep disorder affecting humans and animals. It is characterized by daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, and striking transitions from wakefulness into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. In this study, we used positional cloning to identify an autosomal recessive mutation responsible for this sleep disorder in a well-established canine model. We have determined that canine narcolepsy is caused by disruption of the hypocretin (orexin) receptor 2 gene (Hcrtr2). This result identifies hypocretins as major sleep-modulating neurotransmitters and opens novel potential therapeutic approaches for narcoleptic patients.

PMID:
10458611
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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