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RNA. 2013 Jul;19(7):927-36. doi: 10.1261/rna.037879.112. Epub 2013 May 24.

The Runt domain of AML1 (RUNX1) binds a sequence-conserved RNA motif that mimics a DNA element.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Clinical Oncology, Saitama Cancer Center, Ina, Saitama 362-0806, Japan.

Abstract

AML1 (RUNX1) is a key transcription factor for hematopoiesis that binds to the Runt-binding double-stranded DNA element (RDE) of target genes through its N-terminal Runt domain. Aberrations in the AML1 gene are frequently found in human leukemia. To better understand AML1 and its potential utility for diagnosis and therapy, we obtained RNA aptamers that bind specifically to the AML1 Runt domain. Enzymatic probing and NMR analyses revealed that Apt1-S, which is a truncated variant of one of the aptamers, has a CACG tetraloop and two stem regions separated by an internal loop. All the isolated aptamers were found to contain the conserved sequence motif 5'-NNCCAC-3' and 5'-GCGMGN'N'-3' (M:A or C; N and N' form Watson-Crick base pairs). The motif contains one AC mismatch and one base bulged out. Mutational analysis of Apt1-S showed that three guanines of the motif are important for Runt binding as are the three guanines of RDE, which are directly recognized by three arginine residues of the Runt domain. Mutational analyses of the Runt domain revealed that the amino acid residues used for Apt1-S binding were similar to those used for RDE binding. Furthermore, the aptamer competed with RDE for binding to the Runt domain in vitro. These results demonstrated that the Runt domain of the AML1 protein binds to the motif of the aptamer that mimics DNA. Our findings should provide new insights into RNA function and utility in both basic and applied sciences.

KEYWORDS:

AML1/RUNX1; NMR; RNA aptamer; SELEX

PMID:
23709277
PMCID:
PMC3683927
DOI:
10.1261/rna.037879.112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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