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Can J Cardiol. 2015 Dec;31(12):1421-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2015.04.029. Epub 2015 May 2.

The Medical Treatment of New-Onset Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies.

Author information

1
Adult Cardiology Training Program, Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
2
Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
3
Adult Cardiology Training Program, Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: marc.jolicoeur@icm-mhi.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder with potentially fatal consequences, which occurs mainly in previously healthy women. The aetiology of PPCM remains unknown and various pathologic mechanisms have been proposed, including immune-mediated injuries and impaired response to oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines. Several therapies have been studied, but few have been validated in a well-designed randomized controlled trial.

METHODS:

In the present study we sought to review the medical treatment intended for acute PPCM. To this end, we performed a systematic review of the literature of randomized and nonrandomized prospective clinical studies.

RESULTS:

We identified 2 randomized controlled trials that evaluated the dopamine agonist bromocriptine and the inotrope levosimendan, respectively, and 1 nonrandomized study that evaluated the nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor pentoxifylline. We reviewed the pathophysiological, pharmacological, and clinical properties for each treatment option identified. Bromocriptine and pentoxifylline both improved left ventricular systolic function and patient-oriented clinical end points and levosimendan did not improve mortality or echocardiographic findings of PPCM.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this review we identified bromocriptine and pentoxifylline, but not levosimendan, as potentially useful agents to improve left ventricle function and outcomes in PPCM.

PMID:
26160409
DOI:
10.1016/j.cjca.2015.04.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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