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Cranio. 2016 Jul;34(4):242-9. doi: 10.1179/2151090315Y.0000000021. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Temporomandibular disorders symptoms in Asian adolescents and their association with sleep quality and psychological distress.

Lei J1,2, Fu J3, Yap AU4,5,6, Fu KY1,2.

Author information

1
a Center for TMD and Orofacial Pain , Peking University School, Hospital of Stomatology , Beijing , China.
2
b Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology , Peking University School, Hospital of Stomatology , Beijing , China.
3
c Eleanor Roosevelt College , University of San Diego , CA , USA.
4
d Department of Dentistry , Alexandra Hospital, Ng Teng Fong Hospital General and Jurong Medical Centre, Jurong Health Services , Singapore.
5
e School of Science and Technology , SIM University, Singapore.
6
f Faculty of Dentistry , National University of Singapore , Singapore.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) symptoms and their association with sleep quality and psychological distress in Chinese adolescents.

METHODS:

Five hundred seventy-eight adolescents were enrolled in the study and completed a self-reported TMD symptom questionnaire and socio-demographics survey. Sleep quality and psychological distress were assessed. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were performed with TMD symptoms as the outcome variable.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of adolescents with at least one TMD symptom was 61.4%. One-third of subjects experienced disturbed sleep, depression, and stress; 65.2% experienced anxiety. Subjects with TMD symptoms had greater psychological distress and disturbed sleep than those who were symptom-free. Logistic regression analysis showed that sleep disturbance and daytime dysfunction and anxiety were significantly related to TMD symptoms.

DISCUSSION:

The prevalence of TMD symptoms in Asian adolescents is high. Disturbed sleep and psychological distress are correlated with TMD; thus, a further longitudinal research of the causality is warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Cross-sectional study; Depression; Risk factor; Sleep disturbance; Stress

PMID:
27125298
DOI:
10.1179/2151090315Y.0000000021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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