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J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2020 Feb 3. doi: 10.1038/s41370-020-0203-9. [Epub ahead of print]

TREXMO plus: an advanced self-learning model for occupational exposure assessment.

Author information

1
Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, Route de la Corniche 2, CH-1066, Epalinges-Lausanne, Switzerland. nenad.savic@unisante.ch.
2
Health Effects Laboratory Division (HELD), Exposure Assessment Branch (EAB), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV, 26505, USA.
3
Chemicals and Occupational Health Unit, Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), Holzikofenweg 36, CH-3003, Bern, Switzerland.
4
Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, Route de la Corniche 2, CH-1066, Epalinges-Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

In Europe, several occupational exposure models have been developed and are recommended for regulatory exposure assessment. Only some information on the substance of interest (e.g., vapor pressure) and the workplace conditions (e.g., ventilation rate) is required in these models to predict an exposure value that will be later used to characterize the risk. However, it has been shown that models may differ in their predictions and that usually, one of the models best fits a given set of exposure conditions. Unfortunately, there are no clear rules on how to select the best model. In this study, we developed a new modeling approach that together uses the three most popular models, Advanced REACH Tool, Stoffenmanger, and ECETOC TRAv3, to obtain a unique exposure prediction. This approach is an extension of the TREXMO tool, and is called TREXMO+. TREXMO+ applies a machine-learning technique on a set of exposure data with the measured values to split them into smaller subsets, corresponding to exposure conditions sharing similar characteristics. For each subset, TREXMO+ then establishes a regression model with the three REACH tools used as the exposure predictors. The performance of the new model was tested and a comparison was made between the results obtained by TREXMO+ and those obtained by conventional tools. TREXMO+ model was found to be less biased and more accurate than the REACH models. Its prediction differs generally from measurements by a factor of 2-3 from measurements, whereas conventional models were found to differ by a factor 2-14. However, as the available test dataset is limited, its results will need to be confirmed by larger-scale tests.

KEYWORDS:

Advanced REACH tool; ECETOC TRA; Exposure assessment; REACH; Stoffenmanager; TREXMO

PMID:
32015431
DOI:
10.1038/s41370-020-0203-9

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