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PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e32043. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032043. Epub 2012 Feb 21.

System-wide immunohistochemical analysis of protein co-localization.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The analysis of co-localized protein expression in a tissue section is often conducted with immunofluorescence histochemical staining which is typically visualized in localized regions. On the other hand, chromogenic immunohistochemical staining, in general, is not suitable for the detection of protein co-localization. Here, we developed a new protocol, based on chromogenic immunohistochemical stain, for system-wide detection of protein co-localization and differential expression.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

In combination with a removable chromogenic stain, an efficient antibody stripping method was developed to enable sequential immunostaining with different primary antibodies regardless of antibody's host species. Sections were scanned after each staining, and the images were superimposed together for the detection of protein co-localization and differential expression. As a proof of principle, differential expression and co-localization of glutamic acid decarboxylase67 (GAD67) and parvalbumin proteins was examined in mouse cortex.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

All parvalbumin-containing neurons express GAD67 protein, and GAD67-positive neurons that do not express parvalbumin were readily visualized from thousands of other neurons across mouse cortex. The method provided a global view of protein co-localization as well as differential expression across an entire tissue section. Repeated use of the same section could combine assessments of co-localization and differential expression of multiple proteins.

PMID:
22363794
PMCID:
PMC3283725
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0032043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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