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Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2019 Jun;48(2):303-321. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2019.01.001.

Size and Distribution of Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Populations: A Narrative Review.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Northeast, CNR 3021, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: mgoodm2@emory.edu.
2
Consultant, Toronto, Canada.
3
University of British Columbia, School of Population and Public Health, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.
4
Department of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Center, MF-H243, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1007 MB Amsterdam, Netherlands.
5
Ghent University Hospital, Blandijnberg 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
6
University of Minnesota, 180 West Bank Office Building, 1300 S Second Street, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.

Abstract

Accurate estimates of the number and proportion of transgender and gender nonconforming people in a population are necessary for developing data-based policy and for planning and funding of health care delivery and research. The wide range of estimates reported in the literature is attributable primarily to differences in definitions. Other sources of variability include diverse cultural and geographic settings and important secular trends. The transgender and gender nonconforming population is undergoing rapid changes in size and demographic characteristics. More accurate and precise estimates will be available when population censuses collect data on sex assigned at birth and gender identity.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; Gender nonconforming; Population; Transgender

PMID:
31027541
DOI:
10.1016/j.ecl.2019.01.001

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