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Pituitary. 2018 Oct;21(5):499-506. doi: 10.1007/s11102-018-0903-5.

Single fraction and multisession Gamma Knife radiosurgery for craniopharyngioma.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milano, Italy. losa.marco@hsr.it.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Vita-Salute University, Via Olgettina 60, 20132, Milano, Italy.
3
Department of Medical Physics Department, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Vita-Salute University, Milan, Italy.
4
Department of Radiotherapy, Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Vita-Salute University, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The optimal management of residual or recurring craniopharyngioma is still a matter of debate even though adjuvant radiation therapy plays a crucial role. Aim of our study is to report the results of single fraction or multisession Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) in patients with craniopharyngioma.

METHODS:

We included 50 consecutive patients treated from 1994 to 2016. All patients had at least one post GKRS magnetic resonance imaging reviewed at our center. Vital status of all patients was assessed at the end of 2016.

RESULTS:

There were 29 males (58.0%) and 21 females (42.0%). Mean age was 41.5 ± 2.8 year. Single session GKRS was delivered in 29 patients (58.0%). The mean tumor volume was 2.15 ± 0.3 cm3 and the mean prescription dose to the tumor margin was 14.3 ± 0.3 Gy. During a mean follow-up of 74.6 ± 8.4 months, seven patients (14.0%) had recurrence of disease. The 5- and 10-year recurrence-free survivals were 90.3% (95% CI, 81.0-99.6%) and 78.4% (95% CI, 59.9-96.9%), respectively. Multisession GKRS was not less effective than single fraction GKRS. Eighteen of the 28 patients (64.3%) had a tumor volume decrease of at least 10%. No serious side effects occurred after GKRS treatment, except for one case of mild visual worsening.

CONCLUSIONS:

GKRS was effective for controlling the growth of residual or recurrent craniopharyngioma. Serious side effects were uncommon. Multisession GKRS seems a very promising tool to allow performing GKRS even in patients with large residual or recurrent craniopharyngioma.

KEYWORDS:

Hypopituitarism; Pituitary neoplasm; Pituitary surgery; Radiosurgery; Radiotherapy

PMID:
30043097
DOI:
10.1007/s11102-018-0903-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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