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Ann Pharmacother. 2017 Feb;51(2):146-153. doi: 10.1177/1060028016672037. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

Cobimetinib.

Author information

1
1 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
2
2 Augusta University Medical Center, Augusta, GA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review and summarize data on cobimetinib, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in November 2015 for use in combination with vemurafenib for unresectable or metastatic melanoma with a BRAFV600E or V600K mutation.

DATA SOURCES:

A literature search using PubMed was conducted using the terms cobimetinib, MEK inhibitor, and melanoma from January 2000 to June 2016.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:

The literature search was confined to human studies published in English. Trials of cobimetinib for melanoma were prioritized.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Cobimetinib is a reversible inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2. Its FDA approval was based on a phase III, randomized trial of vemurafenib monotherapy (n = 248) or vemurafenib and cobimetinib (n = 247) in unresectable stage IIIC or IV melanoma with a BRAFV600 mutation. Cobimetinib was administered as 60 mg orally daily for 21 days/7 days off, whereas vemurafenib was administered as 960 mg twice daily. Vemurafenib and cobimetinib were associated with an objective response rate of 68%, and median progression-free survival of 9.9 months. The overall survival was not reached at the time of first interim analysis. Clinically relevant grade ≥3 adverse events were diarrhea (6%), rash (6%), photosensitivity (2%), elevated liver function tests (LFTs) (8%-12%), increased creatine kinase (11%), and retinal detachment (3%).

CONCLUSION:

Cobimetinib combined with vemurafenib is an alternative BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy for unresectable or metastatic melanoma with BRAFV600 mutation. The role of cobimetinib in melanoma and other solid tumors is likely to expand as the results from ongoing studies become available.

KEYWORDS:

cancer; drug development and approval; oncology; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics

PMID:
27701080
DOI:
10.1177/1060028016672037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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