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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1997 Sep;356(3):335-40.

Sensitization to d-amphetamine after its repeated administration: evidence in EEG and behaviour.

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Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Marburg, Germany.


After repeated administration of cocaine or d-amphetamine, a sensitization to their behavioural effects is frequently observed instead of a tolerance. In a previous study, it was shown that a moderate dose of d-amphetamine produced a pattern of EEG power spectrum which indicated a selective activation of D1-like dopamine receptors, whereas a larger dose induced a selective increase of power in the alpha-1 frequency band and, to a lesser degree, in the alpha-2 band, suggesting an additional activation of D2-like receptors. Furthermore, it was recently found that under a certain dosage and schedule, cocaine could produce a shift from a D1-characteristic to a D2-like EEG pattern. It was now studied, if the same is true for d-amphetamine. This drug was administered on 4 subsequent days (0.6 mg/kg i.p.); after an interval of 3 days, the same dose was administered. After repeated, but not a single administration, increases in the power of the alpha-1 and alpha-2 frequency bands were observed, suggesting a shift from activation of D1-like to additional activation of D2-like receptors. This shift was accompanied by a slight enhancement in stereotyped behaviour (sniffing). After a lower dose (0.2 mg/kg), no EEG effect could be observed, neither after a single nor after repeated administration.

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