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J Safety Res. 2012 Dec;43(5-6):417-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2012.10.010. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

Self-reported seatbelt use, United States, 2002-2010: does prevalence vary by state and type of seatbelt law?

Author information

1
Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. rshults@cdc.gov

Abstract

PROBLEM:

Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death in the United States. Seatbelts are highly effective in preventing serious injury and death in the event of a crash. Not all states have primary enforcement of seatbelt laws.

METHODS:

Data from the 2002, 2006, 2008, and 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to calculate prevalence of seatbelt use by state and type of state seatbelt law (primary vs. secondary enforcement).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

Self-reported seatbelt use among adults in the United States increased steadily between 2002 and 2010, with the national prevalence reaching 87% in 2010. Overall, seatbelt use in 2010 was 9 percentage points higher in the states with primary enforcement laws than in the states with secondary enforcement laws (89% vs. 80%).

IMPACT ON INDUSTRY:

Primary enforcement seatbelt laws and enhanced enforcement of seatbelt laws are proven strategies for increasing seatbelt use and reducing traffic fatalities.

PMID:
23206516
PMCID:
PMC5751407
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsr.2012.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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