Format

Send to

Choose Destination
EBioMedicine. 2017 Mar;17:192-198. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.01.041. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

The Introduction of Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis and Oral Polio Vaccine Among Young Infants in an Urban African Community: A Natural Experiment.

Author information

1
Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Apartado 861, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau.
2
Research Centre for Vitamins and Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark.
3
Research Centre for Vitamins and Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark; OPEN, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark/Odense University Hospital, 5000 Odense C, Denmark.
4
Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Apartado 861, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Research Centre for Vitamins and Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. Electronic address: p.aaby@bandim.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We examined the introduction of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) in an urban community in Guinea-Bissau in the early 1980s.

METHODS:

The child population had been followed with 3-monthly nutritional weighing sessions since 1978. From June 1981 DTP and OPV were offered from 3months of age at these sessions. Due to the 3-monthly intervals between sessions, the children were allocated by birthday in a 'natural experiment' to receive vaccinations early or late between 3 and 5months of age. We included children who were <6months of age when vaccinations started and children born until the end of December 1983. We compared mortality between 3 and 5months of age of DTP-vaccinated and not-yet-DTP-vaccinated children in Cox proportional hazard models.

RESULTS:

Among 3-5-month-old children, having received DTP (±OPV) was associated with a mortality hazard ratio (HR) of 5.00 (95% CI 1.53-16.3) compared with not-yet-DTP-vaccinated children. Differences in background factors did not explain the effect. The negative effect was particularly strong for children who had received DTP-only and no OPV (HR=10.0 (2.61-38.6)). All-cause infant mortality after 3months of age increased after the introduction of these vaccines (HR=2.12 (1.07-4.19)).

CONCLUSION:

DTP was associated with increased mortality; OPV may modify the effect of DTP.

KEYWORDS:

DTP; Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine; Measles vaccine; Non-specific effects of vaccines; Oral polio vaccine

PMID:
28188123
PMCID:
PMC5360569
DOI:
10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.01.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center