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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2015 Feb;8(1):102-9. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.001929. Epub 2014 Nov 24.

Re-entry using anatomically determined isthmuses: a curable ventricular tachycardia in repaired congenital heart disease.

Author information

1
From the Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands (G.F.L.K., A.P.W., S.R.D.P., E.R.H., M.J.S., K.Z.) and Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (T.R., U.B.T., W.G.S.).
2
From the Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands (G.F.L.K., A.P.W., S.R.D.P., E.R.H., M.J.S., K.Z.) and Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (T.R., U.B.T., W.G.S.). K.Zeppenfeld@lumc.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is an important cause of late morbidity and mortality in repaired congenital heart disease. The substrate often includes anatomic isthmuses that can be transected by radiofrequency catheter ablation similar to isthmus block for atrial flutter. This study evaluates the long-term efficacy of isthmus block for treatment of re-entry VT in adults with repaired congenital heart disease.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Thirty-four patients (49±13 years; 74% male) with repaired congenital heart disease who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of VT in 2 centers were included. Twenty-two (65%) had a preserved left and right ventricular function. Patients were inducible for 1 (interquartile range, 1-2) VT, median cycle length: 295 ms (interquartile range, 242-346). Ablation aimed to transect anatomic isthmuses containing VT re-entry circuit isthmuses. Procedural success was defined as noninducibility of any VT and transection of the anatomic isthmus and was achieved in 25 (74%) patients. During long-term follow-up (46±29 months), all patients with procedural success (18/25 with internal cardiac defibrillators) were free of VT recurrence but 7 of 18 experienced internal cardiac defibrillator-related complications. One patient with procedural success and depressed cardiac function received an internal cardiac defibrillator shock for ventricular fibrillation. None of the 18 patients (12/18 with internal cardiac defibrillators) with complete success and preserved cardiac function experienced any ventricular arrhythmia. In contrast, VT recurred in 4 of 9 patients without procedural success. Four patients died from nonarrhythmic causes.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with repaired congenital heart disease with preserved ventricular function and isthmus-dependent re-entry, VT isthmus ablation can be curative.

KEYWORDS:

catheter ablation; congenital heart disease; tachyarrhythmia

PMID:
25422392
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCEP.114.001929
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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