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J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2018 Jun;39(5):434-446. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000574.

Raising Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in Monolingual vs Bilingual Homes: A Scoping Review.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.
2
Department of Pediatrics, St. Michael's Hospital, Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
3
Division of Developmental Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute and Keenan Research Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
4
Division of Neurology, Hospital for Sick Children, School of Graduate Studies, Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
5
Division of Developmental Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Approximately 20% of children in Canada and the United States are raised in bilingual family homes. Current recommendations for typically developing children are to encourage and support bilingual exposure in the home; however, there are no specific guidelines for families of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a disorder in which communication deficits are considered a hallmark feature.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study is to present a scoping review of studies that compare cognitive, linguistic, and behavioral outcomes for children with ASDs raised in monolingual vs bilingual homes.

METHODS:

A systematic search of 6 databases for peer-reviewed literature and gray literature search through dissertation databases, conference archives, and reference lists of pertinent studies was conducted.

RESULTS:

Nine studies were included. No consistent differences were observed in the categories of core ASDs behaviors, cognitive function, or language. The studies suggest a potential bilingual advantage on nonverbal intelligence quotient scores, adaptive functioning, and expressive vocabulary.

CONCLUSION:

There is no evidence of a detrimental effect of raising children with ASDs in a bilingual home.

PMID:
29746381
DOI:
10.1097/DBP.0000000000000574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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