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Res Nurs Health. 2016 Aug;39(4):253-62. doi: 10.1002/nur.21728. Epub 2016 May 22.

Prevalence and Factors Associated With Postpartum Depression in Fathers: A Regional, Longitudinal Study in Japan.

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Graduate School of International and Cultural Studies, Tsuda College, Tokyo, Japan.
Public Health Nurse, Nishio City Health Center, Aichi, Japan.
Division of Bioethics, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
Department of International and Cultural Studies, Tsuda College, Tokyo, Japan.
Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, 10-1 Okura 2-chome, Setagaya, Tokyo 157-8535, Japan.


Paternal postpartum depression may affect not only the mental health and wellbeing of fathers but their partners and children. We investigated the point and period prevalence of paternal postpartum depression and its association with factors measured during pregnancy in a regional longitudinal study in Nishio City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, between December 1, 2012, and April 30, 2013. Data were collected once in pregnancy and five times in the first three months postpartum. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to assess paternal depression, and data were collected in pregnancy on demographic and psychosocial factors. Of 215 fathers who returned at least one of the five postpartum assessments, 36 (17%) reported symptoms of depression in the first three months after birth. In logistic regression analyses, among a number of demographic and psychosocial characteristics that previously had been linked to paternal postpartum depression, only fathers' history of psychiatric treatment and depressive symptoms during pregnancy were associated with paternal depressive symptoms in the postnatal period. The results add to the growing body of evidence on prevalence of paternal postnatal depression and indicate that assessment and support for fathers are important starting in pregnancy.


depression; fathers; mental health; parenting; post-partum care; pregnancy

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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