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Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 Apr;18(4):403-9. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv100. Epub 2015 May 8.

Predictors of Cigarette Smoking Progression Among a School-Based Sample of Adolescents in Irbid, Jordan: A Longitudinal Study (2008-2011).

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health, Florida International University, Miami, FL; rjabe001@fiu.edu.
2
Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN;
3
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health, Florida International University, Miami, FL;
4
Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
5
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health, Florida International University, Miami, FL; Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria;

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Little evidence regarding longitudinal predictors of cigarette smoking progression is available from developing countries. This study aimed to identify gender-specific individual and social predictors of cigarette smoking progression among a school-based sample of adolescents in Irbid, Jordan.

METHODS:

A total of 1781 seventh graders (participation rate 95%) were enrolled and completed an annual self-administered questionnaire from 2008 through 2011. Students who reported "ever-smoking a cigarette" at baseline or in the subsequent follow-up but not being "heavy daily smokers" (>10 cigarettes per day) were eligible for this analysis (N = 669). Grouped-time survival analyses were used to identify predictors of cigarette smoking progression in boys and girls.

RESULTS:

Among the study sample, 38.3% of students increased the frequency and /or amount of cigarette smoking during the 3 years of follow-up. Among individual factors, the urge to smoke in the morning predicted smoking progression for boys and girls. The independent predictors of cigarette smoking progression were friends' smoking and attending public schools in boys, and siblings' smoking in girls. Discussing the dangers of smoking with family members was protective for girls.

CONCLUSION:

Boys and girls progressed similarly in cigarette smoking once they initiated the habit. Progression among girls was solely family-related, while it was peer-related for boys.

PMID:
25957340
PMCID:
PMC4857146
DOI:
10.1093/ntr/ntv100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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