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Br J Anaesth. 2004 Jan;92(1):8-13.

Does bispectral analysis of the electroencephalogram add anything but complexity?

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesia, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Analysis of the bispectrum of EEG waveforms is a component of the proprietary BIS index-a commonly used commercial monitor of depth of anaesthesia. Does the use of the bispectrum give more information about depth of anaesthesia than the power spectrum?

METHODS:

We collected and analysed EEG waveforms during induction of general anaesthesia in 39 patients, comparing the changes in bispectral parameter (SynchFastSlow), with an analogous power spectrum-based parameter (PowerFastSlow). Both compare the logarithmic ratio of high frequency components (40-47 Hz) with the total (1-47 Hz). Because the changes in bispectrum are affected by signal amplitude, we also calculated a third parameter (SFSbicoh) from the bicoherence, which is an amplitude-independent statistic.

RESULTS:

The SynchFastSlow and PowerFastSlow were correlated (r=0.84) and neither was superior in predicting the awake or anaesthetized state (area under receiver operating characteristic curves = 0.85 vs 0.93). There was no change in the SFSbicoh over the induction period, and it did not correlate with SynchFastSlow (r=0.07).

CONCLUSIONS:

We could not show that bispectral analysis gave more information than power spectral-based analysis. Most of the changes in the bispectral values result from decreases in the relative high frequency content of the EEG caused by anaesthesia.

PMID:
14665546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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