Format

Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

PLoS One. 2017 Jul 10;12(7):e0180964. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180964. eCollection 2017.

Plasma bradykinin and early diabetic nephropathy lesions in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Phoenix, Arizona, United States of America.
2
University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America.
3
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America.
4
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, United States of America.
5
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.
6
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America.
7
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association of bradykinin and related peptides with the development of diabetic nephropathy lesions in 243 participants with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from the Renin-Angiotensin System Study who, at baseline, were normoalbuminuric, normotensive and had normal or increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

DESIGN:

Plasma concentrations of bradykinin and related peptides were measured at baseline by quantitative mass spectrometry. All participants were randomly assigned at baseline to receive placebo, enalapril or losartan during the 5 years between kidney biopsies. Kidney morphometric data were available from kidney biopsies at baseline and after 5 years. Relationships of peptides with changes in morphometric variables were assessed using multiple linear regression after adjustment for age, sex, diabetes duration, HbA1c, mean arterial pressure, treatment assignment and, for longitudinal analyses, baseline structure.

RESULTS:

Baseline median albumin excretion rate of study participants was 5.0 μg/min, and mean GFR was 128 mL/min/1.73 m2. After multivariable adjustment, higher plasma concentration of bradykinin (1-8) was associated with greater glomerular volume (partial r = 0.191, P = 0.019) and total filtration surface area (partial r = 0.211, P = 0.010), and higher bradykinin (1-7) and hyp3-bradykinin (1-7) were associated with lower cortical interstitial fractional volume (partial r = -0.189, P = 0.011; partial r = -0.164, P = 0.027 respectively). In longitudinal analyses, higher bradykinin was associated with preservation of surface density of the peripheral glomerular basement membrane (partial r = 0.162, P = 0.013), and for participants randomized to losartan, higher hyp3-bradykinin (1-8) was associated with more limited increase in cortical interstitial fractional volume (partial r = -0.291, P = 0.033).

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher plasma bradykinin and related peptide concentrations measured before clinical onset of diabetic nephropathy in persons with T1D were associated with preservation of glomerular structures, suggesting that elevations of these kinin concentrations may reflect adaptive responses to early renal structural changes in diabetic nephropathy.

PMID:
28700653
PMCID:
PMC5507314
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0180964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center