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Biochemistry (Mosc). 2001 Aug;66(8):865-74.

Phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit of Na,K-ATPase from duck salt glands by cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibits the enzyme activity.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899 Russia.


Although it was shown earlier that phosphorylation of Na,K-ATPase by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) occurs in intact cells, the purified enzyme in vitro is phosphorylated by PKA only after treatment by detergent. This is accompanied by an unfortunate side effect of the detergent that results in complete loss of Na,K-ATPase activity. To reveal the effect of Na,K-ATPase phosphorylation by PKA on the enzyme activity in vitro, the effects of different detergents and ligands on the stoichiometry of the phosphorylation and activity of Na,K-ATPase from duck salt glands (alpha1beta1-isoenzyme) were comparatively studied. Chaps was shown to cause the least inhibition of the enzyme. In the presence of 0.4% Chaps at 1 : 10 protein/detergent ratio in medium containing 100 mM KCl and 0.3 mM ATP, PKA phosphorylates serine residue(s) of the Na,K-ATPase with stoichiometry 0.6 mol Pi/mol of alpha-subunit. Phosphorylation of Na,K-ATPase by PKA in the presence of the detergent inhibits the Na,K-ATPase. A correlation was found between the inclusion of P(i) into the alpha-subunit and the loss of activity of the Na,K-ATPase.

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