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See 1 citation in Perit Dial Int 2009:

Perit Dial Int. 2009 Jul-Aug;29(4):422-32.

Icodextrin improves metabolic and fluid management in high and high-average transport diabetic patients.

Author information

1
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Nefrológicas, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, México City, México. jpaniaguas@cis.gob.mx

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Icodextrin-based solutions (ICO) have clinical and theoretical advantages over glucose-based solutions (GLU) in fluid and metabolic management of diabetic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients; however, these advantages have not yet been tested in a randomized fashion.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the effects of ICO on metabolic and fluid control in high and high-average transport diabetic patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A 12-month, multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare ICO (n = 30) versus GLU (n = 29) in diabetic CAPD patients with high-average and high peritoneal transport characteristics. The basic daily schedule was 3 x 2 L GLU (1.5%) and either 1 x 2 L ICO (7.5%) or 1 x 2 L GLU (2.5%) for the long-dwell exchange, with substitution of 2.5% or 4.25% for 1.5% GLU being allowed when clinically necessary. Variables related to metabolic and fluid control were measured each month.

RESULTS:

Groups were similar at baseline in all measured variables. More than 66% of the patients using GLU, but only 9% using ICO, needed prescriptions of higher glucose concentration solutions. Ultrafiltration (UF) was higher (198 +/- 101 mL/day, p < 0.05) in the ICO group than in the GLU group over time. Changes from baseline were more pronounced in the ICO group than in the GLU group for extracellular fluid volume (0.23 +/- 1.38 vs -1.0 +/- 1.48 L, p < 0.01) and blood pressure (systolic 1.5 +/- 24.0 vs -10.4 +/- 30.0 mmHg, p < 0.01; diastolic 1.5 +/- 13.5 vs -6.2 +/- 14.2 mmHg, p < 0.01). Compared to baseline, patients in the ICO group had better metabolic control than those in the GLU group: glucose absorption was more reduced (-17 +/- 44 vs -64 +/- 35 g/day) as were insulin needs (3.6 +/- 3.4 vs - 9.1 +/- 4.7 U/day, p < 0.01), fasting serum glucose (8.3 +/- 36.5 vs -37 +/- 25.8 mg/dL, p < 0.01), triglycerides (54.5 +/- 31.9 vs -54.7 +/- 39.9 mg/dL, p < 0.01), and glycated hemoglobin (0.79% +/- 0.79% vs -0.98% +/- 0.51%, p < 0.01). Patients in the ICO group had fewer adverse events related to fluid and glucose control than patients in the GLU group.

CONCLUSION:

Icodextrin represents a significant advantage in the management of high transport diabetic patients on PD, improving peritoneal UF and fluid control and reducing the burden of glucose overexposure, thereby facilitating metabolic control.

PMID:
19602608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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