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EMBO J. 2017 Apr 13;36(8):981-994. doi: 10.15252/embj.201695335. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

PRC2 is dispensable for HOTAIR-mediated transcriptional repression.

Author information

1
Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Paris, France.
2
INSERM U934, CNRS UMR3215, Paris, France.
3
INSERM U900, Mines ParisTech, Paris, France.
4
CNRS UMR 8015, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
5
Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Paris, France raphael.margueron@curie.fr.

Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play diverse roles in physiological and pathological processes. Several lncRNAs have been suggested to modulate gene expression by guiding chromatin-modifying complexes to specific sites in the genome. However, besides the example of Xist, clear-cut evidence demonstrating this novel mode of regulation remains sparse. Here, we focus on HOTAIR, a lncRNA that is overexpressed in several tumor types and previously proposed to play a key role in gene silencing through direct recruitment of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to defined genomic loci. Using genetic tools and a novel RNA-tethering system, we investigated the interplay between HOTAIR and PRC2 in gene silencing. Surprisingly, we observed that forced overexpression of HOTAIR in breast cancer cells leads to subtle transcriptomic changes that appear to be independent of PRC2. Mechanistically, we found that artificial tethering of HOTAIR to chromatin causes transcriptional repression, but that this effect does not require PRC2. Instead, PRC2 recruitment appears to be a consequence of gene silencing. We propose that PRC2 binding to RNA might serve functions other than chromatin targeting.

KEYWORDS:

Polycomb; chromatin; lincRNA; transcription

PMID:
28167697
PMCID:
PMC5391141
DOI:
10.15252/embj.201695335
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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