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J Gen Virol. 2012 Apr;93(Pt 4):716-21. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.037986-0. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

The chromatin-tethering domain of human cytomegalovirus immediate-early (IE) 1 mediates associations of IE1, PML and STAT2 with mitotic chromosomes, but is not essential for viral replication.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate-early (IE) 1 protein associates with chromosomes in mitotic cells using its carboxyl-terminal 16 aa region. However, the role of this IE1 activity in viral growth has not been evaluated in the context of mutant virus infection. We produced a recombinant HCMV encoding mutant IE1 with the carboxyl-terminal chromosome-tethering domain (CTD) deleted. This IE1(ΔCTD) virus grew like the wild-type virus in fibroblasts, indicating that the CTD is not essential for viral replication in permissive cells. Unlike wild-type virus infections, PML and STAT2, which interact with IE1, did not accumulate at mitotic chromosomes in IE1(ΔCTD) virus-infected fibroblasts, demonstrating that their associations with chromosomes are IE1 CTD-dependent. IE1 SUMOylation did not affect IE1 association with chromosomes. Our results provide genetic evidence that the CTD is required for the associations of IE1, PML and STAT2 with mitotic chromosomes, but that these IE1-related activities are not essential for viral replication in fibroblasts.

PMID:
22158879
DOI:
10.1099/vir.0.037986-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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