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Cell. 1982 Feb;28(2):217-24.

Teratocarcinoma cell adhesion: identification of a cell-surface protein involved in calcium-dependent cell aggregation.


Teratocarcinoma cells have a Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion site (t-CDS) that is unique in being inactivated with trypsin in the absence of CA2+ but not in the presence of Ca2+. Fab fragments of antibodies raised against teratocarcinoma F9 cells dissociated by treatment with trypsin and calcium (anti-TC-F9) inhibit the aggregation of teratocarcinoma cells mediated by t-CDS. This inhibitory effect of Fab is removed when anti-TC-F9 is absorbed with F9 cells treated with trypsin and calcium (TC-F9), but not when it is absorbed with F9 cells treated with trypsin and EGTA (TE-F9). Comparisons of cell-surface antigens reactive to anti-TC-F9 in TC-F9 cells with those in TE-F9 cells reveal that only one component, with an approximate molecular weight of 140,000 (p140), is detected specifically on the surface of TC-F9 cells. When TC-F9 cells are retrypsinized in the absence of CA2+, a substance with an approximate molecular weight of 34,000 (p34) is released that can neutralize the aggregation-inhibitory effect of the Fab. This p34 interferes with the immunoprecipitation of p140 with anti-TC-F9, suggesting that p34 is a tryptic fragment of p140. Anti-TC-F9 Fab causes the dissociation of the monolayers of teratocarcinoma cells. This effect is removed by absorption of the Fab with p34 as well as with TC-F9 cells, but not with TE-F9 cells. These results suggest that p140 is essential for the function of t-CDS, and that this is an actual cell-adhesion molecule active in the establishment of monolayers of teratocarcinoma cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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