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J Biol Chem. 2018 Jul 20;293(29):11527-11536. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.000703. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Tribbles homolog 1 deficiency modulates function and polarization of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages.

Author information

1
From the Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and.
2
the Institute of Anatomy and.
3
the LIFE-Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.
4
From the Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and ralph.burkhardt@medizin.uni-leipzig.de.

Abstract

Macrophages are essential for innate immunity and inflammatory responses and differentiate into various functional phenotypes. Tribbles homolog 1 (Trib1), a member of the mammalian Tribbles homolog pseudokinase family, has been implicated in regulation of cell differentiation, proliferation, and metabolism, but its role in macrophage biology has not been fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the consequences of Trib1 deficiency on macrophage functions and M1/M2 polarization. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from Trib1-deficient (Trib1-/-) mice exhibited elevated phagocytic capacity, correlating with up-regulation of several scavenger receptors. Concomitantly, uptake of modified low-density lipoprotein was increased in Trib1-/- BMDMs. Trib1-/- macrophages also exhibited diminished migration in the presence of the chemokine MCP-1, associated with reduced expression of the MCP-1 receptor Ccr2 Furthermore, Trib1 deficiency attenuated the response of BMDMs to both M1 and M2 stimuli; induction of the M1-marker genes Il6, Il1b, and Nos2 upon LPS/IFNγ stimulation and of the M2-marker genes Cd206, Fizz1, and Arg1 upon IL-4 stimulation was reduced. Functionally, Trib1 deficiency decreased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNFα, IL-1β, and CXCL1) and reduced nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species production in M1-polarized macrophages. Supporting the attenuated M2 phenotype, IL-4-stimulated Trib1-/- macrophages secreted less IL-10 and TGFβ. Mechanistically, Trib1-/- BMDMs displayed lower levels of Janus kinase 1 (JAK1), resulting in reduced activation of LPS/IFNγ-mediated STAT1 signaling. Likewise, decreased levels of JAK1 along with lower activation of STAT6 and STAT3 were observed in M2-polarized Trib1-/- BMDMs. Our findings suggest that Trib1 extensively controls macrophage M1/M2 polarization via the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.

KEYWORDS:

Janus kinase (JAK); M1/M2; STAT transcription factor; macrophage; migration; phagocytosis; polarization; signal transduction

PMID:
29899113
PMCID:
PMC6065162
[Available on 2019-07-20]
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.RA117.000703
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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