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Arthroscopy. 2017 Apr;33(4):773-779. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2016.10.022. Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Isolated Acetabuloplasty and Labral Repair for Combined-Type Femoroacetabular Impingement: Are We Doing Too Much?

Author information

1
Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.. Electronic address: vehniah.tjong@northwestern.edu.
2
Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate patient outcomes after isolated arthroscopic volumetric acetabular osteoplasty and labral repair for the treatment of patients with combined femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) lesions.

METHODS:

A review of a prospectively collected registry identified 86 patients (106 hips) with an average age of 38.1 years (range, 17-59 years) with combined-type FAI that underwent isolated acetabular osteoplasty and labral repair. Preoperative α-angle, degree of radiographic degenerative changes, and presence of a crossover sign were recorded. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), International Hip Outcome Tool-12 (iHOT-12), Hip Outcome Score Sport-Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS), and patient satisfaction score (out of 10) at a minimum 2-year follow-up.

RESULTS:

Clinical follow-up was obtained at a mean follow-up of 37.2 months (range, 27.9-79.2 months). Patients with Tönnis grade 0 and I findings had significantly higher mHHS (83.5 vs 71.5, P = .01), HOS-SSS (81.3 vs 59.9, P = .02), and iHOT-12 scores (71.1 vs 58.8, P = .04) compared to patients with Tonnis grade II changes. However, patient satisfaction scores (8.0 vs 7.2, P = .45) were no different. No significant difference was noted between unilateral and bilateral hip patient outcome scores. Patient age and preoperative α-angles did not correlate with any outcome scores (all R2 <0.05). There were no cases of revision surgery or progression to arthroplasty.

CONCLUSIONS:

Isolated acetabular decompression may adequately address the underlying impingement in combined-type FAI while avoiding the risks associated with femoral-sided decompression. Good to excellent patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction scores were noted with significantly higher scores in patients with minimal arthritic change. Patient age and preoperative α-angle had less effect on postoperative outcomes.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level IV, therapeutic case series.

PMID:
28063762
DOI:
10.1016/j.arthro.2016.10.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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