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Orthop Clin North Am. 2014 Jul;45(3):355-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2014.03.007.

The thrower's elbow.

Author information

1
Sports Health, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 5555 Transportation Boulevard, Garfield Heights, OH 44125, USA.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 North St. Clair, #1350, Chicago, IL, USA.
3
Sports Health, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 5555 Transportation Boulevard, Garfield Heights, OH 44125, USA. Electronic address: SCHICKM@ccf.org.

Abstract

Overhead throwing activities expose the elbow to tremendous valgus stress, making athletes vulnerable to a specific constellation of injuries. Although baseball players, in particular pitchers, are the athletes affected most commonly, overhead throwing athletes in football, volleyball, tennis, and javelin tossing also are affected. The purpose of this review is to review the anatomy, biomechanics, pathophysiology, and treatment of elbow disorders related to overhead throwing athletes. Although focus is on management of ulnar collateral ligament injuries, all common pathologies are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Capitellar OCD; Olecranon impingement; Overhead throwing athlete; Tommy John; Ulnar collateral ligament; Ulnar subluxation

PMID:
24975763
DOI:
10.1016/j.ocl.2014.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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