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Clin Rehabil. 2007 Sep;21(9):782-93.

One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke.

Author information

1
Semmelweis University, and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Saint John Hospital Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of whole body vibration on isometric and eccentric torque and electromyography (EMG) variables of knee extensors on the affected side of stroke patients.

DESIGN:

A randomized controlled study.

SETTING:

A rehabilitation centre.

SUBJECTS:

Sixteen patients (age 58.2+/-9.4 years) were enrolled in an inpatient rehabilitation programme 27.2+/-10.4 days after a stroke.

INTERVENTIONS:

Eight patients were randomly assigned to the vibration group and received 20 Hz vibration (5 mm amplitude) while standing on a vibration platform for 1 minute six times in one session. Patients in the control group also stood on the platform but did not receive vibration.

MAIN MEASURES:

Maximum isometric and eccentric torque, rate of torque development, root-mean-squared EMG, median frequency of vastus lateralis, and co-activation of knee flexors.

RESULTS:

Isometric and eccentric knee extension torque increased 36.6% and 22.2%, respectively, after vibration (P<0.05) and 8.4% and 5.3% in the control group. Vibration increased EMG amplitude 44.9% and the median frequency in the vastus lateralis by 13.1% (all P<0.05) without changes in the control group (10.6% and 3.9%). Vibration improved the ability to generate mechanical work during eccentric contraction (17.5%). Vibration reduced biceps femoris co-activation during isometric (8.4%, ns) and eccentric (22.5%, P<0.05) contraction.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that one bout of whole body vibration can transiently increase voluntary force and muscle activation of the quadriceps muscle affected by a stroke.

PMID:
17875558
DOI:
10.1177/0269215507077814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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