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J Proteome Res. 2018 Aug 3;17(8):2635-2648. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.8b00109. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Quantitative Top-Down Mass Spectrometry Identifies Proteoforms Differentially Released during Mechanical Stimulation of Mouse Skin.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin 53226 , United States.
2
Department of Biochemistry , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin 53226 , United States.
3
Center for Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Research , Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin 53226 , United States.

Abstract

Mechanotransduction refers to the processes whereby mechanical stimuli are converted into electrochemical signals that allow for the sensation of our surrounding environment through touch. Despite its fundamental role in our daily lives, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of mechanotransduction are not yet well-defined. Previous data suggest that keratinocytes may release factors that activate or modulate cutaneous sensory neuron terminals, including small molecules, lipids, peptides, proteins, and oligosaccharides. This study presents a first step toward identifying soluble mediators of keratinocyte-sensory neuron communication by evaluating the potential for top-down mass spectrometry to identify proteoforms released during 1 min of mechanical stimulation of mouse skin from naı̈ve animals. Overall, this study identified 47 proteoforms in the secretome of mouse hind paw skin, of which 14 were differentially released during mechanical stimulation, and includes proteins with known and previously unknown relevance to mechanotransduction. Finally, this study outlines a bioinformatic workflow that merges output from two complementary analysis platforms for top-down data and demonstrates the utility of this workflow for integrating quantitative and qualitative data.

KEYWORDS:

keratinocytes; label-free quantitation; mechanotransduction; nociceptor; primary afferent; proteoforms; sensory neuron; top-down proteomics; touch

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