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Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Mar;29(3):363-369. doi: 10.1007/s10552-018-1008-1. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Participatory implementation science to increase the impact of evidence-based cancer prevention and control.

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Center for Community-Based Research, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Ave, LW 601, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network, Department of Family Medicine and OHSU-PSU School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Sciences University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Mail code L222, Portland, OR, 97239-3098, USA.
Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, 207 Bouverie Street, Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia.
Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa Prevention Research Center, University of Iowa, 145 N. Riverside Drive, CPHB N418, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.
Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Department of Health Services, University of Washington School of Public Health, 1100 Fairview Ave. N., M3-B232, Seattle, WA, 98109-1024, USA.
Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 485 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY, 10017, USA.
Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Clinical and Translational Research Building, 2004 Mowry Road, Suite 2243, PO Box 100177, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0177, USA.
Department of Health and Exercise Science, School of Health Professions, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028, USA.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cooper University Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, NJ, USA.
Department of Family Medicine, Rowan University School of Medicine, Glassboro, NJ, USA.
Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Brown School, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1196, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.
Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.


It is critical to accelerate the integration of evidence-based programs, practices, and strategies for cancer prevention and control into clinical, community, and public health settings. While it is clear that effective translation of existing knowledge into practice can reduce cancer burden, it is less clear how best to achieve this. This gap is addressed by the rapidly growing field of implementation science. Given that context influences and is influenced by implementation efforts, engaging stakeholders in the co-production of knowledge and solutions offers an opportunity to increase the likelihood that implementation efforts are useful, scalable, and sustainable in real-world settings. We argue that a participatory implementation science approach is critical, as it supports iterative, ongoing engagement between stakeholders and researchers to improve the pathway between research and practice, create system change, and address health disparities and health equity. This article highlights the utility of participatory implementation science for cancer prevention and control research and addresses (a) the spectrum of participatory research approaches that may be of use, (b) benefits of participatory implementation science, and.


Cancer prevention and control; Community-based participatory research; Evidence-based practice; Implementation science; Participatory implementation science

[Available on 2019-03-01]

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