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Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 Jan;9(1):64-71. doi: 10.2215/CJN.12281211. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Change in albuminuria and eGFR following insulin sensitization therapy versus insulin provision therapy in the BARI 2D study.

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Due to the number of contributing authors, the affiliations are provided in the Supplemental Material.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

In the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes randomized trial, glycemic control with insulin-sensitization therapy was compared with insulin-provision therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. This study examined differences in albumin excretion and renal function in the insulin-sensitization group versus the insulin-provision group over 5 years.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS & MEASUREMENTS:

In total, 1799 patients with measurements of creatinine and urine albumin/creatinine ratio at baseline and at least two follow-up visits were included. Management of BP, lipids, and lifestyle counseling was uniform. Progression of albuminuria was defined as doubling of baseline albumin/creatinine ratio to at least 100 mg/g or worsening of albumin/creatinine ratio status on two or more visits. Worsening renal function was defined as >25% decline in estimated GFR and annualized decline of >3 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) per year.

RESULTS:

By 6 months and thereafter, the mean glycated hemoglobin levels were lower in the insulin-sensitization group compared with the insulin-provision group (P<0.002 for each time point; absolute difference=0.4%). Albumin/creatinine ratio increased over time in the insulin-sensitization group (P value for trend<0.001) and was stable in the insulin-provision group. Risk for progression of albumin/creatinine ratio was higher in the insulin-sensitization group compared with the insulin-provision group (odds ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.25 to 2.02; P=0.02). Over 5 years, albumin/creatinine ratio increased from 11.5 (interquartile range=5.0-46.7) to 15.7 mg/g (interquartile range=6.2-55.4) in the insulin-sensitization group (P<0.001) and from 12.1 (interquartile range=5.3-41.3) to 12.4 mg/g (interquartile range=5.8-50.6) in the insulin-provision group (P=0.21). Estimated GFR declined from 75.0±20.6 to 66.3±22.6 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) in the insulin-sensitization group (P<0.001) and from 76.1±29.5 to 66.8±22.1 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) in the insulin-provision group (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Over 5 years, despite lower glycated hemoglobin levels, the insulin-sensitization treatment group had greater progression of albumin/creatinine ratio compared with the insulin-provision treatment group. Decline in estimated GFR was similar.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00006305.

PMID:
24178969
PMCID:
PMC3878713
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.12281211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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