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Int J STD AIDS. 2013 Apr;24(4):287-92. doi: 10.1177/0956462412472809. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

History of intimate partner violence is associated with sex work but not sexually transmitted infection among HIV-positive female drinkers in Russia.

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Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California - San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, CA 92093-0507, USA.


This paper assesses the associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexual risks among HIV-positive female drinkers in St Petersburg, Russia. Survey and STI data were analysed from 285 women in HERMITAGE, a secondary prevention study of HIV-positive heavy drinkers. Logistic and Poisson regression analyses assessed associations of IPV with STI and risky sex. Most women (78%) experienced IPV and 19% were STI positive; 15% sold sex. IPV was not significantly associated with STI, but was with selling sex (adjusted odds ratio = 3.56, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-12.43). In conclusion, IPV is common and associated with sex trade involvement among Russian HIV-positive female drinkers.


AIDS; HIV; Russia; interpersonal partner violence (IPV); sex work; sexually transmitted infections (STI); substance use

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