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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 2;105(35):12780-4. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805865105. Epub 2008 Aug 18.

Engineered recombinant human paraoxonase 1 (rHuPON1) purified from Escherichia coli protects against organophosphate poisoning.

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Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7720, USA.


The high-density lipoprotein-associated enzyme paraoxonase 1 (PON1) hydrolyzes lactones, aromatic esters, and neurotoxic organophosphorus (OP) compounds, including insecticide metabolites and nerve agents. Experiments with mice lacking PON1 (PON1(-/-) mice) have established that plasma PON1 protects against chlorpyrifos/chlorpyrifos-oxon and diazinon/diazoxon (DZO) exposure but does not protect against parathion/paraoxon or nerve agents. The catalytic efficiency of PON1 determines whether or not it will protect against a given OP exposure. Expression of active recombinant human PON1 (rHuPON1) in Escherichia coli provides a system in which PON1 can be engineered to achieve a catalytic efficiency sufficient to protect against or treat specific OP exposures. Here, we describe the generation of highly purified engineered rHuPON1(K192) that protects against DZO exposure when injected into PON1(-/-) mice. The injected rHuPON1 is nontoxic, persists in serum for at least 2 days after injection, and provides protection against DZO exposures of at least three times the median lethal dose value.

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