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Bioorg Khim. 2003 Nov-Dec;29(6):640-7.

[Oxidation of 17alpha,20beta- and 17alpha,20alpha-dihydroxysipregn-4-en-ones--side products of biotransformation of progesterone by recombinant microorganisms expressing cytochrome P45017alpha].

[Article in Russian]

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Research Institute for Physicochemical Problems, Belarussian State University, ul. Leningradskaya 14, Minsk, 220050 Belarus.


Progesterone biotransformation with recombinant yeast Yarrowia lipolytica E129A15 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae GRF18/YEp5117 alpha expressing bovine adrenocortical cytochrome P45017 alpha yielded 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and two diols, 17 alpha, 20 beta- and 17 alpha, 20 alpha-dihydroxypregn-4-en-3-one. The oxidation of mixtures of the three steroids with chromic acid resulted in the cleavage of 17-20 bonds in the diols with the formation of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione. The biotransformation of pregn-4-ene-20 beta-ol-3-one by means of Y. lipolytica E129A15 was accompanied by the following reactions: the primary oxidation of these compounds to progesterone and the subsequent successive reactions of 17 alpha-hydroxylation and 20 alpha- and 20 beta-reduction. The results widen the possibilities for enzymatic and chemical modifications of steroids. The English version of the paper: Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry, 2003, vol. 29, no. 6; see also

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