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Resuscitation. 2012 Mar;83(3):303-6. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.09.007. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in patients treated with primary PCI for STEMI. Long-term follow up data from EUROTRANSFER registry.

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1
Department of Interventional Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 17 Kopernika St., 31-501 Krakow, Poland. zbigniew.siudak@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Our aim was to describe long-term outcome of OHCA patients in a cohort of STEMI patients treated by primary PCI based on the EUROTRANSFER Registry data.

BACKGROUND:

The occurrence of cardiac arrest is associated with impaired survival. There are limited number of studies reporting outcome of STEMI patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The recently published resuscitation guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) support immediate angiography/PCI or fibrinolysis in these patients in order to improve survival.

METHODS:

Consecutive data on 1650 STEMI patients, transferred for primary PCI in hospital STEMI networks between November 2005 and January 2007 from 7 countries in Europe were gathered. Patients were divided into two groups: OHCA group - 42 patients and no OHCA group - 1608 patients.

RESULTS:

Baseline demographics, clinical characteristic on admission to cathlab and past medical history were similar in both groups. Cardiogenic shock on admission or acute heart failure defined as Killip 3+4 was more frequently observed in OHCA group. The in-hospital mortality was similar, however, 1-year mortality was 19.1% in the OHCA group vs 8.1% in no OHCA group (p=0.011) and remained significant after exclusion of patients in cardiogenic shock on admission.

CONCLUSIONS:

STEMI patients treated with primary PCI with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest have higher long-term mortality than no OHCA patients. However, resuscitation prior to cathlab admission is not an independent predictor of long-term adverse outcome. No differences in in-hospital mortality were noticed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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