Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation in Nephrol Dial Transplant 2015:

Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2015 Sep;30(9):1526-33. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfv101. Epub 2015 Apr 16.

Achievement of therapeutic targets in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease: insights from the Associazione Medici Diabetologi Annals initiative.

Author information

Department of Medical Sciences, IRCCS Casa Sollievo Della Sofferenza, S. Giovanni Rotondo, FG, Italy.
Università Degli Studi and IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST, Genova, Italy.
Diabetes and Metabolism Unit, ASL Turin 5, Chieri, TO, Italy.
Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pii Sunyer (IDIBAPS) and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas (CIBERDEM), Barcelona, Spain.
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 2nd University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Epidemiology, Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, S. Maria Imbaro, CH, Italy.
Associazione Medici Diabetologi, Roma, Italy.
Diabetes Unit, ASL Della Romagna, Ravenna, Italy.



Chronic kidney disease (CKD) entails a worse cardiovascular outcome. The aim of our work was to study the relationship between CKD and the achievement of recommended targets for glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and blood pressure (BP) in a real-life sample of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).


We analysed a sample of 116 777 outpatients from the Network of the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists; all patients had T2DM and at least one measurement of HbA1c, LDL-c, BP, serum creatinine and albuminuria in the year 2010. The outcome was the achievement of HbA1c, LDL-c and BP values as recommended by International Guidelines.


In the entire sample, the mean value of HbA1c was 7.2 ± 1.2%, of LDL-c was 102 ± 33 mg/dL and of BP was 138/78 ± 19/9 mmHg. CKD and its components were associated with poor glycaemic and BP control, notwithstanding greater use of glucose and BP-lowering drugs, while no association was found with LDL-c values. Factors independently related to unsatisfactory glycaemic control included female gender, body mass index, duration of disease and high albuminuria. Men, older people and those taking statins were more likely to reach LDL-c target levels. Male gender, age and high albuminuria strongly affected the achievement of BP targets.


CKD or its components, mainly high albuminuria, are associated with failure to reach therapeutic targets, especially for HbA1c and BP, despite a greater use of drugs in patients with T2DM.


antihypertensive treatment; arterial hypertension; cardiovascular risk factors; diabetic nephropathy; hypercholesterolaemia

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center