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Mol Immunol. 2014 Feb;57(2):216-9. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2013.10.002. Epub 2013 Oct 27.

Involvement of Fcα/μR (CD351) in autoantibody production.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tsukuba, Japan.

Abstract

Antibody exerts various immune responses via binding to Fc receptors expressed on immune cells. Although several reports have demonstrated that IgM prevents autoantibody production, the role of IgM Fc receptors is largely unknown. To analyze the involvement of Fcα/μR (CD351), an Fc receptor for IgM and IgA expressed on B cells and follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), in IgM-mediated suppression of autoantibody production, we generated mice deficient in Fcα/μR on the background of MRL/MpJ-Fas(lpr/lpr) (Fcamr(-/-)Fas(lpr/lpr)) mice. Fcamr(-/-)Fas(lpr/lpr) mice showed significantly lower titers of IgG autoantibodies against double strand (ds) DNA, histone and cardiolipin in the sera than did Fcamr(+/+)Fas(lpr/lpr) mice. Moreover, Fcamr(-/-)Fas(lpr/lpr) mice showed higher survival rate at the ages of 28, 32 and 40 weeks old, compared with Fcamr(+/+)Fas(lpr/lpr) mice. These results suggest that Fcα/μR enhances, rather than suppresses, autoantibody production.

KEYWORDS:

Autoantibody; Fc receptor; IgM

PMID:
24172225
DOI:
10.1016/j.molimm.2013.10.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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