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Pan Afr Med J. 2017 Aug 4;27:252. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.252.9110. eCollection 2017.

Giant gastric trichobezoar in a young female with Rapunzel syndrome: case report.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery C, Hôpital Ibn-Sina, Rabat, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie Rabat, Mohammed V University Souissi, Rabat, Morocco.
2
Department of Gastroenterology B, Hôpital Ibn-Sina, Rabat, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie Rabat, Mohammed V University Souissi, Rabat, Morocco.

Abstract

Rapunzel syndrome is an extremely rare complication of a gastric trichobezoar in. We report here the unusual case of a case of a 16 years old girl presented with severe abdominal pain and vomiting. Clinical examination revealed a malnourished girl, with presence of a mobile and sensitive abdominal mass of 20x15 cm witch filled the upper quadrant. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a heterogeneous mass occupying the whole stomach cavity with extension into the third portion of the duodenum. A diagnostic of giant trichobezoar is suspected after further questioning reveling a trichotillomania, trichophagia and onychophagia. The removal of the trichobezoar endoscopically failed and it was possible to pull only few fibers of hair to comfort the diagnostic. She was subjected to an exploratory laparotomy. An antral gastrostomy were performed and a 25x10x7 cm trichobezoar was extracted. The patient had an uneventful postoperative outcome and was derived to psychiatry. Rapunzel syndrome is an uncommon trichobezoar, it's commonly found in young females usually with an underlying psychiatric disorder. Management requires gastrotomy. A psychiatric assessment and a long-term follow-up are advocated as a regular part of treatment to prevent recurrence.

KEYWORDS:

Rapunzel syndrome; giant; malnutrition; trichobezoar; trichotillomania

PMID:
29187921
PMCID:
PMC5660300
DOI:
10.11604/pamj.2017.27.252.9110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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