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Pan Afr Med J. 2018 Jun 12;30:114. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2018.30.114.13879. eCollection 2018.

[Causes of stroke among young people: role of the internist].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de Médecine Interne, CHU Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Faculté de Médecine Privée Casablanca, Université Hassan II, Maroc.

Abstract

In young people brain ischemias vary according to their cause and prognosis. In internal medicine they have a specific cause, considering the tertiary source of recruitment. Our study aimed to provide informations about some specific causes of this disease in young subject. We conducted a retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of young patients hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine in Casablanca over the period 2000-2014. All patients underwent CT scan angiography and/or magnetic resonance angiography that determined the nature and the topography of the ischemic stroke. Clinical examination was followed by appropriate investigations to determine the cause of brain ischemia. Data were collected from twenty-five patients, with a sex ratio of 0.73 and an average age of 36±7. Smoking was reported in 32% of cases, diabetes and high blood pressure were found in 8% of cases. Amnesia and migraine episodes were found in 24% of cases. Combination estrogen-progestin and a history of miscarriage were reportedin 12% of cases. Ischemic strokes were mainly caused by acute systemic lupus (32%) associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (80%), Behcet's disease (16%), Takayasu's disease (12%). In addition to anti-aggregation treatment, 76% of patients underwent corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapies. Internists are involved in the treatment of patients with ischemic stroke, in particular to determine its cause. The causes of brain ischemias in young people are multiple. Research has to be rigorous in order to identify specific causes, to evaluate the risk of recidivism and to establish a therapeutic approach.

KEYWORDS:

Brain ischemia; cause; young people

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