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Cardiovasc J Afr. 2017 Jan/Feb 23;28(1):54-59. doi: 10.5830/CVJA-2016-057. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

Audit of availability and distribution of paediatric cardiology services and facilities in Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
2
Paediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Email: sadohehi@yahoo.com.
3
Department of Paediatrics, University of Jos, Nigeria.
4
Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.
5
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.
6
Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
7
Department of Paediatrics, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
8
Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria.
9
Department of Paediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
10
Department of Paediatrics, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria.
11
Department of Paediatrics, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria.
12
Department of Paediatrics, Federal Staff Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
13
Surgery Unit, Bikets Medical Centre, Osogbo, Nigeria.
14
Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
15
Department of Paediatrics, Usmanu Danfodiyo Teaching Hosptial, Sokoto, Nigeria.
16
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano City, Nigeria.
17
Paediatrics Unit, Zankli Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
18
Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centres, Abeokuta, Nigeria.
19
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
20
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
21
Department of Paediatrics, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria have been perceived to be inadequate but no formal documentation of availability and distribution of facilities and services has been done.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate and document the currently available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria.

METHODS:

In this questionnaire-based, cross-sectional descriptive study, an audit was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2014, of the personnel and infrastructure, with their distributions according to geopolitical zones of Nigeria.

RESULTS:

Forty-eight centres participated in the study, with 33 paediatric cardiologists and 31 cardiac surgeons. Echocardiography, electrocardiography and pulse oximetry were available in 45 (93.8%) centres while paediatric intensive care units were in 23 (47.9%). Open-heart surgery was performed in six (12.5%) centres. South-West zone had the majority of centres (20; 41.7%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria are grossly inadequate and poorly distributed. Efforts should be intensified to upgrade existing facilities, establish new and functional centres, and train personnel.

PMID:
27701490
PMCID:
PMC5423425
DOI:
10.5830/CVJA-2016-057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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