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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Feb;62(2):155-61. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

Soy isoflavone intake inhibits bone resorption and stimulates bone formation in menopausal women: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

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Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.



To clarify the effects of isoflavone intake on bone resorption and bone formation.


We identified randomized controlled trials related to urinary deoxypyridinoline (Dpyr, a bone resorption marker) and serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP, a bone formation marker) listed on MEDLINE (January 1966-April 2006), the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, EMBASE (1985-January 2006), Science Citation Index and PUBMED (updated till April 2006).


Nine studies with a total of 432 subjects were selected for meta-analysis. The urinary Dpyr concentration in subjects who consumed isoflavones decreased significantly by -2.08 nmol/mmol (95% confidence interval (CI): -3.82 to -0.34 nmol/mmol) in comparison with that in subjects who did not consume isoflavones. Isoflavone intake vs placebo intake significantly increased serum BAP by 1.48 microg/l (95% CI: 0.22-2.75 mug/l). Decreases in the urinary Dpyr concentration with isoflavone intake of <90 mg/day and with treatment lasting less than 12 weeks were -2.34 nmol/mmol (95% CI: -4.46 to -0.22 nmol/mmol) and -2.03 nmol/mmol (95% CI: -3.20 to -0.85 nmol/mmol), respectively.


Isoflavone intervention significantly inhibits bone resorption and stimulates bone formation. These favorable effects occur even if <90 mg/day of isoflavones are consumed or the intervention lasts less than 12 weeks.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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