Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2018 Dec 6. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gby147. [Epub ahead of print]

Longitudinal Associations of Sensory and Cognitive Functioning: A Structural Equation Modelling approach.

Author information

Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.
Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IIS Princesa), Madrid, Spain.
CIBER of Mental Health, Spain.
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
Department of Public Health, The Danish Aging Research Center, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Public Health, and Microbiology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.
CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health, Spain.



although visual and hearing impairments have been found to be associated with cognitive decline in the old age, the mechanism underlying this relationship remains unclear. This study aims at assessing the predictive role of visual and hearing difficulties on subsequent cognitive functioning.


3,508 individuals aged 60 and over from the cohort of the first (2002) and fifth waves (2010) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Five self-reported visual and hearing functioning items were used to assess sensory functioning at baseline. Cognition was assessed eight years later by means of four measured tests covering immediate and delayed recall, verbal fluency, and processing speed. A Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes approach was used to assess the longitudinal associations of visual and hearing functioning with cognitive difficulties. A multi-group longitudinal measurement invariance was used to estimate latent change in cognitive difficulties across groups of participants presenting either visual, hearing, or dual sensory impairment (i.e., those reporting difficulties in both visual and hearing functioning items).


visual (β=0.140, p<0.001) and hearing (β=0.115, p<0.001) difficulties predicted cognitive difficulties eight years later. The latent increase in cognitive difficulties was steeper in people with visual impairment (d= 0.52, p<0.001), hearing impairment (d=0.50, p<0.001), and dual-sensory impairment (d=0.68, p<0.001) than those non-impaired (d=0.12, p<0.001).


visual and hearing difficulties were identified as predictors of subsequent cognitive decline in the old age. Interventions to prevent visual and hearing difficulties may have a substantial impact to slow down subsequent age-related cognitive decline.


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center