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Health Aff (Millwood). 2014 Dec;33(12):2162-9. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2014.0136.

Lessons for providers and hospitals from Philadelphia's obstetric services closures and consolidations, 1997-2012.

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Scott A. Lorch ( is an associate professor of pediatrics at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania.
Ashley E. Martin is project manager in the Center for Outcomes Research, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Richa Ranade is a research assistant in the Center for Outcomes Research, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Sindhu K. Srinivas is an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia.
David Grande is an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.


The Affordable Care Act is triggering an increase in hospital consolidation and mergers. How other hospitals respond to these disruptions in supply could influence patient outcomes. We examined the experience of Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania (coterminous with the city of Philadelphia), where thirteen of nineteen hospital obstetric units closed between 1997 and 2012. Between October 2011 and January 2012 we interviewed twenty-three key informants from eleven hospitals (six urban and five suburban) whose obstetric units remained open, to understand how the large number of closures affected their operations. Informants reported having confronted numerous challenges as a result of the obstetric unit closures, including sharp surges in delivery volume and an increase in the proportion of patients with public insurance or no insurance. Informants reported adopting a number of strategies, such as innovative staffing models, to cope with the added demand brought about by the closure of nearby obstetric units. Informants emphasized that interhospital communication could mitigate closures' stresses on the health care system. Our study supports the need for policy makers to anticipate reductions in supply and monitor patient outcomes.


Maternal And Child Health; Organization and Delivery of Care

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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